1943 Ford GPW U.S. Army Jeep, Serial #140005

This Jeep is one of many that were built between 1941 and 1945 by the Ford Motor Company to be utilized by the US Armed Forces. Ford had originally lost the bid to produce the vehicles but when it became apparent that Willys did not have the production capibility to deliver sufficient quantities needed by the government, Ford was asked to prouduce the vehicle using the same specifications.

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The Ford GPW Jeep shown here is representative of the "Motorpool Class". It is original and correct in every detail with a Ford chassis, body and engine but some Willys parts. It was delivered to the government around October 15, 1943. It ended up in Italy at the end of WWI, where its present owner, Herman Pfauter of Santa Barbara, CA, purchased it from an Italian farmer in 1981 and shipped it back home.

Afer a frame-up restoration, mostly by the owner , which took a number of years, this granfather of all Jeeps is now used in parades, vintage car shows and other commemorative events throughout Southern California.

Crew, operating 2 Passenger capacity, including crew 5
Weight Net (lbs) 2,453
  Payload (lbs) 800
  Gross (lbs) 3,253
Shipping Dimension (cu ft) 331 (sf) 57  
Tires Ply: 6 Size 6.00x16
Ground Clearance Net inches 8 3/4
Tread center to center inches 49
Electrical System   volts 6
Capacities Fuel, 68 octane gasoline gal 15
  Cooling System qts 11
  Crankcase (refill) qts 11
Brakes Hydraulic Bendix  
Maximum Gradeability Percent 60
Turning Radius (Ft) Right 17 Left 18 1/2
Fording Depth inches 18
Angle of Approach degrees 45
Angle of Departure degrees 35
Fuel Consumption, average conditions mpg 20
Cruising Range, average conditions miles 300
Maximum allowable speed mph 65
Number of speeds forward, with transfer case   6
Manufacturer Willys-Overland Model MB  
Type In-line, 4 cycle No. of cylinders 4
Displacement   cubic inches 134.2
Governed speed   Not governed  
Brake   Horsepower 60
Ignition   Battery  

Willys made available to their competitor, Ford, all engineering drawings and technical specifications and Ford was ordered to produce the Willys Jeep. All parts had to be interchangeable, and with very few exeptions, they were. Ford did not like the ide - so to distinguish their copy from the original, they stamped almost every part with the characteristic Ford logo - even most botts and other fasteners were marked in this manner. The early models also had the Ford logo embossed on the rear panel, just like the early Willys models displayed the Willys logo in the same location. Of course, the GI's didn't care and neither did the fellows in the motorpooll - this is why most WWII Jeeps surviving today aree a metange of Willys and Ford parts. Some collectors, however, spare no expense to restore a Ford GPW Jeep to "FactoryClass" with correct Ford NOS parts only.

Ford Motor Company, who designated the vehicle as model GPW (G = governmental vehicle, P showed the wheelbase, and W = the Willys design). Willys and Ford, under the direction of Charles E. Sorensen (Vice-President of Ford during World War II), produced more than 600,000 jeeps. Besides just being a "truck" the jeep was used for as many purposes as you can think of.

The jeep was widely copied around the world, including in France by Hotchkiss et Cie (after 1954, Hotchkiss manufactured Jeeps under licence from Willys), and by Nekaf in the Netherlands. There were several versions created, including a railway jeep and an amphibious jeep. As part of the war effort, Jeeps were also supplied to the Soviet Red Army during World War II.